The purpose of the story, the historical interpretations, tend to criticize Wang Sheng, who likes leisure and dislikes labor, and has a bad mind. But few people think about it, why do you have to cultivate cleanliness to learn a spell? To compare it in a modern context: if a student has paid tuition, he is also motivated to learn, and even makes a certain amount of effort to study in a computer remedial class. As a result, nothing was learned. I'm afraid that the student union will counter-control the cram school, and the advertisement is not true! What is this indicating? This shows that the story of "
Lawshan Taoist" learning ghost mannequin effect spells is not entirely a study in our modern sense. It also implicitly restricts certain conditions. Instrumental Rationality and Value Rationality The modern German sociologist Max Weber (Max Weber) divided rationality into two types, namely value rationality and instrumental rationality. Value rationality places human behavior in the context of traditional culture, emphasizing that the goodness of behavior must correspond to the goodness in traditional values. In the article "Laoshan Taoist priest", the Taoist priest admonished Wang
Sheng to "return to Yiyi and keep it clean, otherwise it will not be tested." Even if this spellcasting step is completely consistent, as long as the mind is not pure, the spell will still not work. So, we can say that the procedure of performing the spell is not important, but the moral value of its control. This is an important feature of moral rationality and value rationality in Chinese culture. And this is contrary to instrumental rationality. The so-called instrumental rationality is to achieve its own best interests through effective means or methods with pure precise computability.